United Kingdom Aerospace and Weapons Projects

Experimental and Test Vehicles

011103 L = length, S = span, W = weight, R = range, Ø = diameter

Name

Description

Remarks

Particulars

Badger

RAE test vehicle

Free flight model used to test waverider configurations at Aberporth.

L = 2.6ft (0.8m),

BET.9

Bristol ramjet test vehicle developed from XTV.9.

Intended for M3 ramjet development for Blue Envoy. Developed from XTV.9.

N/A

Bobbin

Bristol Controlled Recoverable Ramjet Test Vehicle for ramjet development.

Could be fitted with a variety of test engines in addition to its hack engine. Became XTV.9.

N/A

CQ.941

Test vehicle for Chevaline.

Also known as Falstaff. Used a Stonechat motor. Biggest solid motor built in the UK. Used for hypersonic research with Oberon test vehicle.

N/A

CRRTV.1

Bristol Controlled Recoverable Ramjet Test Vehicle originally based on XTV.5.

Bristol ramjet test vehicle to develop control and recovery aspects of the test vehicle. Two BRJ.2 or BRJ.4 ramjets.

N/A

CRRTV.2

Bristol Controlled Recoverable Ramjet Test Vehicle based on CRRTV.1.

Bristol Bobbin ramjet test vehicle to be fitted with BRJ.5, BRJ.601 or NGTE 16" ramjets up to M3.0.

N/A

CRRTV.3

Bristol Controlled Recoverable Ramjet Test Vehicle based on Blue Envoy airframe

To be used to test the 20" M3.0 ramjet. Not proceeded with.

N/A

CTV

One third scale model of Avro Blue Steel. Control Test Vehicle.

Not related to the CTV.n series. Used a Jackdaw rocket motor. Exhibited at Farnborough 1958.

N/A

CTV.1

Early missile control testbed based on Long Shot.

Used to develop beam riding and later command guidance at low altitude.

N/A

CTV.4

Early missile seeker testbed.

Used for radar and IR homing trials.

N/A

CTV.5

RAE flight-test vehicle.

Used for high altitude pitch / roll / yaw control development. CTV.5 Series 3 became Skylark.

N/A

D.3

English Electric test vehicle for Red Shoes

Configuration with rectangular wings and triangular tail fins.

Feb 1952

D.4

English Electric test vehicle for Red Shoes

Solid rocket test vehicle. Configuration with definitive wing shape and triangular tail fins.

May 1952

D.4S

English Electric test vehicle for Red Shoes

Configuration as definitive Red Shoes.

June 1956

Falstaff

Test vehicle for Chevaline.

Also known as CQ.941. Used a Stonechat motor. Biggest solid motor built in the UK. Used for hypersonic research with Oberon.

N/A

Flutter Dart

Armstrong Whitworth test vehicle.

Rocket boosted winged vehicle to investigate aero-elasticity.

N/A

Fulmar

Sized between Petrel and Skua.

Sounding rocket. Not particularly successful.

N/A

GMTV

Armstrong Whitworth Guided Missile Test Vehicle.

One of the first GW test vehicles to be made public in 1954. Cruciform delta wings with smaller canard deltas. Four pairs of wrap-around boost motors.

N/A

GPV

General Purpose test Vehicle. Previously called RTV.2.

Built by Shorts, 8 x Demon boosters in four pairs, KP.4 engine. Also known as Guided Pilotless Vehicle

L = 26.5ft (8.1m) Ø = 17.5in (44cm)

Green Light

Test vehicle for visually controlled maritime SAM

Became Shorts Sea Cat.

N/A

HRV

Hypersonic Research Vehicle.

RAE / WRE hypersonic programme. Used Jaguar that became Jabiru test vehicle that became Aeromach.

N/A

HTV

Homing Test Vehicle

Ground launched test vehicle for IR seeker for Firestreak. Tested at Larkhill.

N/A

Hyperion

Hypersonic test vehicle.

Test flown to investigate flight at M8 at 100000ft (30478m).

L = 6.1ft (1.85m) W = 400lb (181kg)

Jabiru

Three stage hypersonic Research Vehicle.

Later name for Jaguar test vehicle.

N/A

Jaguar

Three-stage hypersonic research vehicle.

Became Jabiru. Part of HRV programme. Used to test components for re-entry vehicles and kinetic heating. Rook first stage, Gosling second and Lobster third stage. Later version used Goldfinch second and Gosling third stage.

N/A

JC.9

Heston variable geometry research aircraft.

Based on work by Barnes Wallis

N/A

JTV.1

Ramjet test vehicle

Two rear-mounted 6in ramjets. Boosted by four pairs of Deacon boost rocket motors.

N/A

Leopard

RAE two-stage flight-test vehicle based on Jaguar.

Rook booster, Gosling upper stage. Used for hypersonic research.

N/A

LTV

Luton Test Vehicle

Used for Thunderbird development by English Electric at Luton.

N/A

Lynx

Mach 4+ test vehicle.

Boosted by a Raven motor, was instrumented to measure pressure and thermal effects on the mild steel airframe. Three models: 5 + 8 were 75 delta, while 7 was a 60 delta.

L = 3ft (0.9m) S= 1.5ft (0.45m)

MTV

Motor Test Vehicle.

Used to test Sea Slug sustainer.

N/A

MTV/C

Motor Test Vehicle / Cold

With guidance but no sustainer.

N/A

MTV/H

Motor Test Vehicle / Hot

Acid / Methanol sustainer.

N/A

MTV/ P(L)

Motor Test Vehicle / Propulsion (Liquid)

Liquid sustainer

N/A

MTV/ P(S)

Motor Test Vehicle / Propulsion (Solid)

Solid sustainer.

N/A

Oberon

RAE hypersonic wing shape.

Flown on Falstaff.

N/A

Panther

RAE flight-test vehicle.

N/A

N/A

Petrel

Small supersonic target.

Used in Sea Dart and Sea Wolf trials.

N/A

Project 12

Fairey ATGW test vehicle.

Use to investigate low speed launch and thrust vector control for Swingfire.

N/A

Project B

Jindivik subsonic target drone.

Developed in Australia, entered service.

N/A

Project C

Pika, manned version of the Jindivik.

Developed in Australia, entered service.

N/A

Ranger

RAE test vehicle

Flown at Aberporth

L = 4.8ft (1.4m),

RJTV

Napier's 16in RamJet Test Vehicle. Boosted by 4 pairs of rockets.

Joint project between Napier and NGTE. Used a NRJ.1 engine with a pitot intake.

N/A

RJTV2

Napier's Mach 3 RamJet Test Vehicle. Boosted by a pair of rockets.

Joint project between Napier and NGTE to develop a Mach 3 - 4 ramjet. Had a conical centre body intake.

N/A

RTV.1

Rocket Test Vehicle.

Used for beam riding and servo development. Evolved from LOP/GAP. Used a Lizzie rocket engine.

N/A

RTV.1J

Rocket Test Vehicle.

Used to test jet deflection for controlling a vehicle in a vertical launch. Work was later applied to ballistic missile development.

N/A

RTV2

SAM guidance development vehicle.

Used in Bristol Bloodhound and English Electric Thunderbird development. Became GPV.

L = 26.5ft (8.1m) Ø = 17.5in (44cm)

Skua

Meteorological rocket.

Used Chick booster.

N/A

Skylark

Bristol meteorological research rocket.

Used as a sounding rocket. CTV.5 Series 3 using Cuckoo and Raven boosters. Also proposed as an ABM.

N/A

STV

Separation Test Vehicle.

Used in Sea Slug and Fireflash trials.

N/A

Swallow

Variable geometry research vehicle.

Followed on from Wild Goose. Based on Barnes Wallis' work at Vickers. Test Flown at Predanack.

N/A

Tiger

RAE flight-test vehicle.

Used in Hypersonic research.

N/A

Wild Goose

Variable geometry research vehicle.

Based on Barnes Wallis' work at Vickers. Test Flown at Predanack.

N/A

WTV5

Red Dean Test vehicle.

Cancelled 1956.

N/A

XBE

Designation for eXperimental Blue Envoy

Development rounds for Blue Envoy project. About to begin flight trials when cancelled in 1957.

L = 26.25ft (8m) S = 16.4ft (5m) W = 4000lb (1815Kg) R = 200miles (322Km)

XTV

eXperimental Test Vehicles.

Used in Red Duster development XTV 1 to 5 were for Red Duster XTV 6 to 9 were for Blue Envoy. XTV 11 -17 for Thor ramjet development. XTV20 was for ABM work.

N/A

XTV.1

One quarter scale model of Red Duster.

Flown on rockets. Carried dummy ramjets and fixed wings. Used to acquire aerodynamic data.

N/A

XTV.2

One third scale model of Red Duster with moving wings.

Flown on rockets, control power from gas bottles.

N/A

XTV.3

Full scale, but unpowered test vehicle.

Had moving wings, but dummy ramjets. Used to develop control system.

N/A

XTV.4

Red Duster propulsion test vehicle.

Used in Bristol Bloodhound development. No wings and as light as possible. Used to test ramjets.

N/A

XTV.5

Red Duster test vehicle with homing system.

Full-scale vehicle used to test entire system. Replaced by XRD.1 in 1956.

N/A

XTV.6

Development vehicle for Blue Envoy.

Quarter scale model of Blue Envoy with boosts. Launched on a Gosling tandem boost.

L = 5.1ft (1.55m), S = 2.3ft (0.69m)

XTV.7

Development vehicle for Blue Envoy.

One sixth scale model of Blue Envoy without boosts or ramjet pods. Launched on a Gosling tandem boost. Used to check aerodynamic drag.

N/A

XTV.8

Development vehicle for Blue Envoy.

One eighth scale model of Blue Envoy wing sandwiched between two strap-on boosts. Used for flutter tests.

N/A

XTV.9

Bristol ramjet test vehicle.

Used for M3 ramjet development. Boosted on BRMs, then used Thor-type ramjet to accelerate to development M3 ramjet light up speed. Became BET.9.

N/A

XTV.11 - 17

Ramjet test vehicles for Bloodhound 2 with improved BT.3 Thor.

BS.1009 was improved Thor.

N/A

XTV.20

Hypersonic test vehicle for ABM development.

Not proceeded with.

N/A

Zulu Squire

Small rocket vehicle used in Black Knight programme.

Intended to give ground crews experience in HTP handling and tracking.

N/A