United Kingdom Aerospace and Weapons Projects

Guided Weapons

011103 L = length, S = span, W = weight, R = range, Ø = diameter

Name

Description

Remarks

Particulars

AAAW

Advanced Anti-Armour Weapon.

Became Brimstone.

L = 5.9ft (1.8m) Ø = 7in (17.8cm) W = 107lb (48.5 Kg) R = 5miles (8Km)

Active Radar Martel

Longer ranged air-breathing Martel with a Marconi active seeker.

Used a Microturbo turbojet. Air launched.

R = 60miles (100Km)

Active Sky Flash

Fire and forget Sky Flash.

B.Ae upgrade of Sky Flash with active seeker for SR(A) 1239.

L = 12.1ft (3.68m), W = 425lb (193Kg) R = 31miles (50Km)

AGM 500

GEC-Marconi laser guided missile.

Entered service with United Arab Emirates as PGM 500. Also known as Hakim.

Warhead = 500lb (227Kg)

AGM 2000

GEC-Marconi laser guided missile.

Entered service with United Arab Emirates as PGM 500. Also known as Hakim.

Warhead = 2000lb (907Kg)

AJ.168

TV Martel (q.v.).

Entered service on Blackburn Buccaneer.

L = 12.7ft (3.87m) W = 1213lb (550Kg) R = 37.2miles (60Km)

ALARM

B.Ae Anti-radiation missile to AST.1228.

Air Launched Anti-Radiation Missile. Entered service.

L = 14.1ft (4.3m) W = 584lb (265Kg) R = 24miles (45Km)

ASRAAM

Advanced Short Range Air to Air Missile.

Short range IR homing AAM. Entered service on Eurofighter Typhoon.

L = 9.5ft (2.9m), W = 192lb (87.1Kg) R = 9.47miles (15.2Km)

ATASK

Air launched Starstreak.

Developed from Shorts Starstreak.

L = 4.6ft (1.4m) Ø = 5in (12.7cm) W = 35.3lb (16Kg) R = 3.8miles (7Km)

Atlas

Joint BAC/FN private venture anti-tank system utilising over top attack.

Not completed due to lack of official interest. Anti-Tank Laser Assisted System.

N/A

AW.274

Naval requirement for Blue Jay. See OR.1117.

Firestreak AAM.

L = 10.4ft (3.17m) W = 300lb (136Kg) R = 5miles (8Km)

Ballast

Ground to ship counter bombardment missile.

One of the first UK missile projects.

R = 80 - 100 miles (128 - 161km)

Beeswing

Vehicle-borne Swingfire.

Infantry Swingfire. Three mounted on a Land Rover.

N/A

Ben

Early guided missile.

Experimental beam riding surface to air missile developed by RAE in 1943. Intended to ride a searchlight beam. May be related to Little Ben.

N/A

Big Ben

Long range missile

A ramjet powered surface to surface missile based on Brakemine. Six 7.2" ramjets replacing the rockets.

L = 6.6ft (2.0m) Ø = 10.5in (26.7cm)

Black Rock

Surface to surface missile.

Intended for the Army.

R = 200miles (320Km)

Bloodhound I

Bristol 25 mile range SAM.

Developed from Red Duster 2 x BRJ 5/1 Thor 16 ramjets. Stage 1 SAGW. In limited service 1957 - 62.

L = 22.1ft (6.75m) S = 9.3ft (2.83m) Ø = 1.8ft (0.55m) W = 4500lb (2042Kg) R = 25miles (40Km)

Bloodhound II

Bristol 75+ mile range SAM.

Developed from Bloodhound I using features from cancelled Blue Envoy (q.v.). Improved low level and ECCM. performance. In service until 1989. Originally Red Duster Series 3A

L = 25.4ft (7.75m) S = 9.3ft (2.83m) Ø = 1.8ft (0.55m) W = 5000lb (2270Kg) R = 50miles (80Km)

Bloodhound III

Bristol Bloodhound II with same nuclear warhead as Blue Water (q.v.).

New Command Guidance system, longer range and nuclear warhead. BS.1009 ramjets and bigger boosts for longer range. AKA RO 166. Cancelled 1960. Originally Red Duster Series 3B

L = 25.4ft (7.75m) S = 9.3ft (2.83m) Ø = 1.8ft (0.55m) W = 5000lb (2270Kg) R = 75miles (120Km)

Bloodhound IV

Mobile Bloodhound II for Army

Intended to replace Thunderbird II in Army service using Indigo Corkscrew and Green Ginger. Based on a Swedish mobile Bloodhound II.

L = 25.4ft (7.75m) S = 9.3ft (2.83m) Ø = 1.8ft (0.55m) W = 5000lb (2270Kg) R = 50miles (80Km)

Bloodhound 21

Export derivative with degraded ECCM facilities.

Not proceeded with.

L = 25.4ft (7.75m) S = 9.3ft (2.83m) Ø = 1.8ft (0.55m) W = 5000lb (2270Kg) R = 50miles (80Km)

Blowpipe

Shorts man-portable SAM.

Entered service.

L = 4.6ft (1.4m) W = 24.5lb (11Kg) R = 2miles (3.2Km)

Blue Boar

TV guided glide bomb.

OR.1059. Warhead may have been Red Beard. Vickers precursor to Blue Steel originally called Journey's End. Too heavy for naval aircraft and TV guidance of limited use due to cloud cover. Cancelled 6/54.

Estimated yield 20 - 100Kt, L = 24.1ft (7.37m) S = 62" (1.57m) Ø = 32in (81.3cm) W = 5000lb (2.27Kg) R = 25miles (46Km)

Blue Dolphin

Semi-active Air-to-Air weapon for the Sea Vixen.

CW radar-guided version of Red Top. Blue Jay Mk.5. Analogous to AIM-7 Sparrow.

N/A

Blue Duck

ASW missile.

Became Ikara.

N/A

Blue Envoy

Bristol M3.2 200 miles range heavy SAM.

Intended Stage 1¾ SAGW for Navy and RAF. 2 x 18in BRJ 811 ramjets. Cancelled 1957.

L = 26.25ft (8m) S = 16.4ft (5m) W = 4000lb (1815Kg) R = 200miles (322Km)

Blue Jay

OR.1117.

Firestreak AAM.

L = 10.4ft (3.17m) W = 300lb (136Kg) R = 5miles (8Km)

Blue Moon

Long range SSM.

Possibly and English Electric MRBM project to meet OR.203.

N/A

Blue Rapier

Plastic unmanned bomb.

Req. UB.109T (Bristol Aeroplane submission) See Red Rapier.

N/A

Blue Shield

Maritime SAM

No hard details available. Possible Seaslug development.

N/A

Blue Sky

Fairey Fireflash beam riding AAM.

In restricted service. Reduced spec Red Hawk. To OR.1088.

L = 9.3ft (2.83m) W = 330lb (150Kg) R = 1.9miles (3.05Km)

Blue Slug

Anti-ship missile based on Sea Slug airframe.

Designed to use the same equipment as Sea Slug, i.e. same launcher and Type 901 beam guidance radar. Cancelled to allow AW to concentrate on Sea Slug

L = 20ft (6.1m) W = 94lb (42.6Kg) R = 15miles (24Km)

Blue Steel Mk1

OR.1132 Long-range rocket powered bomb.

Stand off missile equipping V-bombers. Operational 1961.

L = 34.9ft (10.6m) W = 15000lb (6800Kg) R = 100miles (160Km)

Blue Steel Low Level

Long-range turbojet powered bomb.

Blue Steel powered by a Viper turbojet for low level launch.

L = 34.9ft (10.6m) W = 15000lb (6800Kg) R = 250miles (402Km)

Blue Steel Mk1*D

Long-range powered bomb.

Longer ranged Blue Steel powered by improved Stentor and two solid rocket boosters.

L = 34.9ft (10.6m) W = 15000lb (6800Kg) R = 440miles (708Km)

Blue Steel Mk2

Long-range powered bomb to OR.1159.

Met by Avro W112 with 4 x BRJ.824 ramjets and 2 x rocket boosts. See also Avro W107/8/9. Cancelled 12/59.

R = 600miles (966Km)

Blue Streak

Ballistic missile to meet OR.1139.

UK IRBM. Used Rolls-Royce RZ2 rocket engines. Basis for Europa launcher. Cancelled in 1960.

L = 61.5ft (18.75m) W = 199000lb (90266Kg) R = 2500miles (4023Km)

Blue Vesta

OR 1131see Red Hebe. Originally for F.155T.

Replaced by Blue Jay became Red Top.

W = 340lb (154Kg) R = 3.8miles (6.01Km)

Blue Water

Surface to surface tactical missile.

Originally called Red Rose. To be fitted with a nuclear warhead under development as Tony at AWRE. Used a modified Cuckoo rocket motor. Cancelled August 1962.

L = 25ft (7.6m), W = 3000lb (1361Kg) R = 55miles (88.5Km)

Bootleg

Anti-ship weapon

Toss delivery at 460mph (740kph). Weapon entered water and was propelled at 80mph (130kph) by a rocket motor. Cancelled, as it could not be used against land targets and was too heavy.

L = 12.5ft (3.8m) Ø = 20in (50cm) W = 1730lb (785 Kg) Warhead weight = 575lb (261kg)

Brakemine

Early UK guided missile project.

Developed by Cossor from 1942. Went on to form the basis of LOP/GAP when the Spaniel and Brakemine projects merged. Development stopped 1947. Propelled by 6 x 3in rockets.

L = 6.6ft (2.0m) Ø = 10.5in (26.7cm) W = 320lb (145Kg) R = 5miles (8Km)

Brimstone

GEC-Marconi air launched anti-armour missile for Harrier, Tornado, Typhoon and Apache.

Hellfire airframe with UK developed millimetre wave seeker and motor. Replacement for BL.755 cluster bomb. Three missiles per launcher.

L = 5.9ft (1.8m) Ø = 7in (17.8cm) W = 107lb (48.5 Kg) R = 5miles (8Km)

Bristol RP 25

Bristol SAM to meet NIGS requirement.

Concentric ramjet missile with gothic arch delta wing. 2 x strap on solid rocket boosts.

L = 13.1ft (3.98m) S = 5ft (1.52m) R = 50 miles (80km)

Bristol Seaslug

Bristol / Ferranti proposal for a rocket powered SAM.

Was intended to have a longer range than Seaslug. Used a rocket engine based onthe Seaslug’s.

R = 28.4miles (45.7km)

Bristol X-12

Long range stand off bomb to OR.1182.

BS.1004 Ramjet powered M4 cruise missile with a range of 1150nm at 70-76Kft. Later version with the BS.1005. q.v. Pandora.

N/A

BROACH

Bomb, Royal Ordnance, Augmenting CHarge

Munition for use against hardened targets such as bunkers. Fitted to Stormshadow.

BVRAAM

SX-225 Beyond Visual Range Air to Air Missile.

Long-range active-homing AAM. Ramjet powered. Became Meteor.

N/A

CASOM

Conventional Air-launched Stand-Off Missile.

To meet SR(A) 1236. Leading to Stormshadow.

R= 216miles (400Km)

CF.299

Sea Dart naval SAM.

Entered service.

L = 14ft (5.25m) W = 1210lb (549Kg) R = 50miles (80Km)

Chevaline

Polaris re-entry vehicles with enhanced penetration aids.

Started in 1965 only made public in 1979-80. Operational in 1982. Originally called Polaris Front End Improvement, later Super Antelope.

N/A

CL.137

Sub-Martel (q.v.).

Cancelled. Sub-Harpoon acquired.

N/A

CL.834

Sea Skua.

Helicopter launched ASM. Entered service.

L = 9.35ft (2.85m) W = 325lb (147Kg) R = 9miles (14.5Km)

Clevite

Version of Vigilant for US Marines.

To be licence built in the USA.

L = 3.5ft (1.07m), W = 31lb (14Kg) R = 1.0miles (1.6Km)

Cluster Martel

Martel with cluster munitions warhead

Not proceeded with

L = 12.7ft (3.87m) W = 1213lb (550Kg) R = 37.2miles (60Km)

Cockburn Cheese

Ultimate development of Green Cheese

Intended to be in service from 1962. Improved capability. Named after the PDSR(G) Dr Robert Cockburn.

N/A

Confessor

Royal Navy SAM studies.

Led to GWS-25 Seawolf.

L = 6.25ft (1.9m) W = 180lb (82Kg) R = 4miles (6.4Km)

ET.316

Rapier low-level SAM.

Entered service.

L = 7.4ft (2.24m) W = 94lb (42.6Kg) R = 4.5miles (7.25Km)

ETV

Experimental Test Vehicle for an Australian anti-tank missile.

Similar to Swingfire, Cancelled.

N/A

Expert

Ship to ship missile.

Designed for underwater impact. Possible precursor to Blue Slug.

N/A

Fireflash

First UK AAM in service.

Beam riding seeker, 2 x Blackbird or Thrush boost rocket motors. Not a success. Equipped one squadron.

L = 9.3ft (2.83m) W = 330lb (150Kg) R = 1.9miles (3.05Km)

Firestreak

Blue Jay. To OR.1117.

AAM on English Electric Lightning, de Havilland Sea Vixen and Gloster Javelin. IR seeker.

L = 10.4ft (3.17m) W = 300lb (136Kg) R = 5miles (8Km)

Golden Eagle

Longer ranged version of Sea Eagle.

Intended to use an imaging Infra-Red seeker and datalink.

L = 13.6ft (4.14m) W = 1323lb (600Kg) R = 59miles (110Km)

Golfswing

Infantry portable Swingfire.

Exported to Egypt.

L = 3.5ft (1.07m), W = 60lb (27Kg) R = 2.5miles (4.0Km)

Grand Slam

Guided bomb for TSR.2.

A rocket propelled guided bomb with 100mile (160Km) range.

L = 20ft (6.1m) W = 7500lb (3402Kg) R = 100miles (160Km)

Great Triumph

Original name for Red Heathen study.

Evolved into separate Sea Slug and Red Duster / Red Shoes.

N/A

Green Cheese

Fairey Anti-ship missile based on Blue Boar airframe with an EMI developed Red Dean radar seeker. Also known as Fairey Project 7

X-band seeker, cut down Smokey Joe sustainer motor. Intended for use by Blackburn Buccaneer. Too heavy for carriage by Gannet. Red Beard warhead also proposed. Cancelled Feb 1956.

L = 15ft (4.57m), S = 5.2ft (1.6m) W = 3800lb (1724Kg) Ø = 27in (68cm)

Green Flash

Anti-ship weapon.

Green Cheese replacement.

N/A

Green Flax

Red Shoes Surface to Air Guided Weapon (to Stage 1½) with CW radar. Renamed Yellow Temple in 1957.

Entered service as English Electric Thunderbird II in 1963. Remained in service until 1976. Also called VR.725.

L = 20.8ft (6.35m) S = 5.3ft (1.6m) Ø = 20.75in (52.7cm) R = 46miles (75Km)

Green Garland

IR fuse for Red Top.

N/A

N/A

Green Lizard

VG gun fired SAM.

Barnes Wallis project for Vickers.

N/A

Green Sparkler

Stage 2 SAGW.

Command Guidance with active terminal homing. Guidance system by Marconi. Cancelled 1957.

N/A

Green Water

OR.202.

150-mile ramjet powered pilotless interceptor / SAGW. Dropped as too ambitious in 1952.

N/A

Guardian

Hawker Siddeley proposal for a SAM system based on Sea Dart.

Intended to replace Bloodhound II. Not proceeded with

L = 14ft (5.25m) W = 1210lb (549Kg) R = 50miles (80Km)

GWS-1

Sea Slug. First operational Royal Navy SAM. Mk.2 was to have a nuclear warhead.

Formerly called Triumph. Used on County class destroyers. Originally with a NK.1 liquid fuelled sustainer, replaced by Foxhound solid sustainer. Beam riding guidance.

L = 20ft (6.1m) W = 94lb (42.6Kg) R = 4.5miles (7.25Km)

GWS-20

Shorts Seacat Ship borne SAM

To replace the 40mm Bofors anti-aircraft gun. Entered service

L = 4.8ft (1.48m) W = 143lb (65Kg) R = 4miles (6.5Km)

GWS-21

Seacat SAM

GWS-21 was fitted to the Tribal Class.

L = 4.8ft (1.48m) W = 143lb (65Kg) R = 4miles (6.5Km)

GWS-22

Seacat SAM

GWS-22 was fitted to the County and Leander Class.

L = 4.8ft (1.48m) W = 143lb (65Kg) R = 4miles (6.5Km)

GWS-24

Seacat SAM

GWS-24 was fitted to the Amazon Class

L = 4.8ft (1.48m) W = 143lb (65Kg) R = 4miles (6.5Km)

GWS-25

Sea Wolf Sea borne SAM.

Developed as PX.430. GWS-26 is the vertical launch version.

L = 6.25ft (1.9m) W = 180lb (82Kg) R = 4miles (6.4Km)

GWS-26

Sea Wolf Sea borne SAM.

Vertical launch version with additional booster.

L = 6.25ft (1.9m) W = 180lb (82Kg) R = 4miles (6.4Km)

GWS-27

Sea Wolf Sea borne SAM.

Updated vertical launch version with fire and forget capability.

L = 6.25ft (1.9m) W = 180lb (82Kg) R = 4miles (6.4Km)

GWS-30

Sea Dart Ship borne SAM.

M3.5 capability. Single Odin ramjet. Developed as CF.299. Entered service.

L = 14ft (5.25m) W = 1210lb (549Kg) R = 50miles (80Km)

GWS-31

Sea Dart Ship borne SAM.

Sea Dart with improved ECM resistance. Cancelled 1981.

L = 14ft (5.25m) W = 1210lb (549Kg) R = 50miles (80Km)

HADES

Hunting Area DEnial System

Area Denial version of BL.755. Carried 49 HB.876 munitions

N/A

Hakim

GEC-Marconi laser guided missile.

Entered service with United Arab Emirates as PGM 500. Also known as AGM 500 and AGM 2000 with a 2000lb warhead.

Warhead = 500lb (227Kg)

Half-pint

Early artillery rocket.

Intended to replace gun artillery.

N/A

Hammer

Mobile Long range tactical rocket.

Developed from the V-2.

R = 20 - 150 miles (32 - 241km)

Hawkswing

Heli-borne Swingfire.

Tested on a Lynx. Did not enter service.

L = 3.5ft (1.07m), W = 60lb (27Kg) R = 2.5miles (4.0Km)

Heathen

Early SAGW studies.

Led to Red Heathen,

R = 9miles (15Km)

Hellcat

Air to Surface version of Seacat.

Not proceeded with.

L = 4.8ft (1.48m) W = 143lb (65Kg)

Heyday

Long range rocket powered torpedo.

Developed by Barnes Wallis for the Admiralty. Cancelled.

N/A

Howler

Early SAGW studies.

Predecessor to Red Heathen and possibly Sea Slug.

R = 28.5miles (45.7Km)

HVM

Hyper Velocity Missile.

Official name for Shorts Starstreak.

L = 4.6ft (1.4m) Ø = 5in (12.7cm) W = 35.3lb (16Kg) R = 3.8miles (7Km)

Ikara

ASW missile used to deliver a torpedo.

Usually a Mk 44 or 46 homing torpedo. Entered service

L = 11.25ft (3.43m), R = 11miles (18Km)

Impala

Decoy for the Super Antelope programme

Impala was to accompany warheads into the atmosphere. Not deployed on Chevaline.

N/A

Infantry Swingfire

Wire guided Anti-tank missile.

Four Swingfire mounted on a 1 tonne Land Rover. Launchers elevated on Hydraulic rams.

L = 3.5ft (1.07m), W = 60lb (27Kg) R = 2.5miles (4.0Km)

Javelin

Shorts SAM

Replacement for Blowpipe

L = 4.6ft (1.4m) Ø = 3in (7.6cm) W = 28lb (12.7Kg) R = 3miles (5Km)

Jernas

Rapier 2000 SAM export version

Jernas is a desertised Rapier Field Standard C with Dagger radar and Blindfire.

L = 7.4ft (2.24m) W = 94lb (42.6Kg) R = 4.5miles (7.25Km)

Journey's End

Guided bomb

TV guided anti-ship bomb. Used a circular scanning TV system. Final control was by a single shot bonker. Leading to Blue Boar. Cancelled.

N/A

JP.233

Anti-runway weapon.

Entered service on Panavia Tornado. Withdrawn due to being deemed to dangerous to deliver. Aircraft has to overfly target at low level. High losses in 1991 Gulf War.

N/A

L2

RAF designation for JP.233 Anti-runway weapon.

Entered service on Panavia Tornado. Withdrawn due to being deemed to dangerous to deliver.

N/A

Land Dart

Land based Sea Dart.

Initially a replacement for Army Thunderbird. Later to replace Bristol Bloodhound II. Not proceeded with.

L = 14ft (5.25m) W = 1210lb (549Kg) R = 50miles (80Km)

Lightweight Sea Dart

Portable containerised Sea Dart Ship borne SAM.

Similar capability as ship-borne Sea Dart. Proposed for Guardian SAM system. Not proceeded with.

L = 14ft (5.25m) W = 1210lb (549Kg) R = 50miles (80Km)

Little Ben

Early guided missile.

Early SAM developed by GPE (Guided Projectile Establishment) Westcott and NGTE.

L = 14ft (4.27m) Ø = 7.2" (18.2cm)

Long Shot

Early air launched beam-riding missile.

Derived from work done on Ben. Leading to Red Hawk and Fireflash.

N/A

LOP/GAP

Liquid Oxygen and Petrol Guided Anti-aircraft Projectile.

Early beam riding SAGW. Derived from Brakemine and Spaniel. Used a Lizzie rocket engine.

N/A

Malkara

Australian anti-tank missile.

Wire guided missile developed in conjunction with the RAE. Entered limited service with British Army.

L = 6.3ft (1.93m), W = 206lb (93.4Kg) R = 2.5miles (4Km)

Martel

TV guided Martel (Missile Anti-Radar TELevision).

AJ.168. Air-launched anti-ship missile. Mounted on Blackburn Buccaneer and Hawker Siddeley Nimrod.

L = 12.7ft (3.87m) W = 1213lb (550Kg) R = 37.2miles (60Km)

Megaton Martel

Martel with a nuclear warhead

Not proceeded with.

L = 12.7ft (3.87m) W = 1213lb (550Kg) R = 37.2miles (60Km)

Menace

Surface to surface atomic missile.

Rocket or pilotless plane carrying 7000lb warhead for 1000 miles.

R = 400 - 2000miles (643 - 3218km)

Merlin

BAe private venture anti-tank missile system.

Fired from standard mortar. Incorporated millimetric radar seeker.

N/A

Meteor

Ramjet powered long range missile.

S225X developed by MDBA. Also called BVRAAM. Intended for Gripen, Typhoon and Rafale.

N/A

Mongoose

Early marketing name for Rapier SAM.

Dropped because no one knew the plural of mongoose.

N/A

Mopsy

Short range SAM.

Developed in conjunction with US Navy and based on the US Meteor AAM.

W = 500lb (227Kg)

MRJW

Bristol Multi Ram Jet Weapon early development vehicle for the Red Duster programme.

Two models: MRJW Mk410 with 4 x 10in Ramjets and MRJW Mk 214 with 2 x 14in ramjets.

N/A

Naval Bloodhound

Bristol studies for a new naval missile in opposition to NIGS.

New airframe with a Bloodhound II homing system. Not proceeded with.

N/A

NIGS

New Naval Guided Weapons System.

Long range Naval SAM studies for the Royal Navy and Army. Led to SIGS.

N/A

Nozzle

Early air launched anti-ship missile.

For RAF and RN. Glide bomb with a one-shot control jet. Supersonic in air, hit target underwater.

N/A

OL.535

A medium range anti-tank system intended as replacement for Vigilant.

Cancelled in favour of building Euromissile Milan under licence.

N/A

Ondine

Anti-ship missile

Sub launch anti-ship missile based on German research during WW2. Ultimately led to Sub-Martel.

N/A

Ongar

21" torpedo project.

Superseded Pentane

L = 21.2ft, Ø = 21", W = 3506lb (1590kg) April 1960

Orange Nell

Naval anti sea-skimming missile-missile design study.

Cancelled 1957. Was to be small enough to fit on a frigate. Possible precursor to Seawolf.

N/A

Orange William

Fairey anti tank missile system for Royal Armoured Corps.

Cancelled 1958 due to its specification being too demanding. Used radio command link.

W = 225lb (102Kg)

P31

Shorts jet powered variant of Texas Instrument JSOW.

Tendered for CASOM / SR(A) 1236.

N/A

P3T

Development designation for Sea Eagle.

Turbojet powered anti-ship missile. Entered service on Tornadoes.

L = 13.6ft (4.14m) W = 1323lb (600Kg) R = 59miles (110Km)

P5T

Surface launched Sea Eagle long range ASM.

Called Sea Eagle SL. Has two solid rocket boosters.

L = 13.6ft (4.14m) W = 1323lb (600Kg) R = 59miles (110Km)

PAC

Penetration Aid Carrier on Chevaline. The PAC replaced one of the three warheads on a Polaris A3TK.

The PAC was a "sophisticated space craft" which after separation from the Polaris second stage manoeuvred to deploy its payload of 'hard' and 'soft' decoys, including chaff.

N/A

PAAMS

MDBA Principle Anti-Air Missile System

MDBA Principle Anti-Air Missile System. SAM system for naval air defence. Replacement for Sea Dart.

N/A

Pandora

Bristol X-12 derivative.

BAC ramjet missile to OR.1182.

N/A

Pegasus

Marconi / B.Ae stand-off weapon.

Derived from Hakim missile.

N/A

Pentane

Mk.21 Torpedo

Intended to arm the Shorts Sturgeon for use against submarines. Replaced by Ongar.

Ø = 21"

PGM 500

GEC-Marconi laser guided missile.

Entered service with United Arab Emirates as PGM 500. Also known as Hakim.

Warhead = 500lb (227Kg)

PGM 2000

GEC-Marconi laser guided missile.

Entered service with United Arab Emirates as PGM 500. Also known as Hakim.

Warhead = 2000lb (907Kg)

Pink Hawk

Stern attack AAM.

Derived from Red Hawk and became Fireflash.

N/A

PFEI

Polaris Front End Improvement - Chevaline re-entry vehicle for US Polaris

Became Super Antelope, then Chevaline.

N/A

Popsy A

SAGW for small ships to requirement GD 81/48.

Subsonic close in defence missile for use against Fritz X, Hs.293 and Blue Boar type weapons. Used semi-active Q-band seeker.

L = 4.6ft (1.4m) Ø = 8.5" (21.6cm) W = 300lb (136Kg)

Popsy B

SAGW for small ships.

Supersonic weapon for use against transonic aircraft. Used semi-active Q-band seeker. May have shared airframe with Red Hawk.

L = 6.5ft (2.3m) Ø = 7.5" (19cm) W = 300lb (136Kg)

Popsy-Meteor

US/UK SAGW for small ships.

US Meteor SAM with Popsy seeker head. To be fitted to warships and merchant ships

L = 9.1ft (2.77m) Ø = 7.5" (19cm) W = 360lb (163.3Kg)

Project 7

Fairey precursor to Green Cheese.

See Green Cheese.

N/A

Project 1220

Early cover name for Bristols SAGW development.

Became Red Duster

N/A

Project E

Wire guided anti-tank missile.

N/A

N/A

Project G

Blue Boar Guided bomb.

Cancelled.

N/A

Project J

Malkara anti-tank missile.

Entered limited service.

N/A

Project M

French SS-10/11 missile for UK service.

Acquired by UK. Fitted to Westland Scout.

N/A

Project Q

RAE Guided Weapons Dept. cruise missile.

To be powered by Bristol ramjets.

N/A

PT.428

Advanced SAM system.

Fully mobile and contained in one vehicle, it was to have had complete night and blindfire capability. Leading to ET.316 and Rapier. Was under development by BAC in 1962. MoD abandoned it as too difficult.

N/A

PV

Pye "Private Venture" anti-tank missile.

Became Python. No official interest.

L = 5ft (1.52m), W = 81lb (36.8Kg) R = 1.7miles (2.7Km)

PX.430

Development designation for Seawolf.

See XPX.430.

L = 6.25ft (1.9m) W = 180lb (82Kg) R = 4miles (6.4Km)

Python

Pye anti-tank missile.

Previously known as PV. Man portable and vehicle mounted. No official interest.

L = 5ft (1.52m), W = 81lb (36.8Kg) R = 1.7miles (2.7Km)

QC.434

1970 dogfight AAM.

Ultimately led to ASRAAM.

N/A

QF.169

Revised codename for Bloodhound II.

Entered service with RAF.

L = 25.4ft (7.75m) S = 9.3ft (2.83m) Ø = 1.8ft (0.55m) W = 5000lb (2270Kg) R = 50miles (80Km)

Quickfire

RARDE concept for ATGW

Used a high launch acceleration to maintain ballistic accuracy in initial phase.

N/A

Rapier

Mobile SAM.

Highly mobile low level SAM. Entered service.

L = 7.4ft (2.24m) W = 94lb (42.6Kg) R = 4.5miles (7.25Km)

RBL.755

BL.755 with a radar proximity fuse.

Intended for medium altitude delivery in the light of the1991 Gulf War to meet SR(A) 1238.

N/A

Red Angel

Warhead for air-launched anti-ship weapon for use against Soviet cruisers in the Sverdlov class.

Also suggested as the warhead for Blue Slug. Was intended to impact on thinner top decks of warships.

L = 10.75ft (3.3m), Ø = 0.9ft (0.28m), W = 1055lb (478Kg) R = 3.4miles (5.5Km) Warhead weight = 88lb (40kg)

Red Cat

Stand off weapon for V-force.

Not proceeded with. Cancelled 11/54. Led to Blue Steel.

N/A

Red Cheeks

Inertial-controlled bomb from 1950s.

Not proceeded with. Possibly related to Blue Steel development.

N/A

Red Dean

Vickers active AAM.

To OR.1105. With GEC X-band active seeker. Cancelled 6/56.

L = 16.1ft (4.9m), W = 1330lb (603Kg) R = 3.8miles (6.01Km)

Red Duster

Bloodhound I SAM.

Entered service with RAF.

L = 25.4ft (7.75m) S = 9.3ft (2.83m) Ø = 1.8ft (0.55m) W = 5000lb (2270Kg) R = 25miles (40Km)

Red Hand

Early UK SAM studies.

Split into Red Heathen and Seaslug.

N/A

Red Hawk

Beam riding AAM with four wrap-around boosts.

OR.1056. "De-specced" to produce Blue Sky.

L = 8.5ft (2.59m) W = 420lb (191Kg) R = 1.1miles (1.83Km)

Red Heathen

Formerly called Great Triumph.

Early study for SAGW leading to Red Duster and Red Shoes.

N/A

Red Hebe

Vickers proposal for OR.1131

Continuous wave semi-active AAM to replace Red Dean. Intended for thin wing Javelin.

L = 17.5ft (5.33m), W = 1200lb (544Kg) R = 7.6miles (12.2Km)

Red Planet

Anti-tank rocket.

Circa 1957.

N/A

Red Rapier

Req. UB.109T. Vickers SP.2, Bristol 182 and Boulton Paul P.123 proposed.

Plastic unmanned bomb. See Blue Rapier. Cancelled 9/54.

N/A

Red Rose

Surface to surface tactical missile.

Based on Thunderbird SAM. To be fitted with a nuclear warhead under development as Tony at AWRE. Became Blue Water. Cancelled August 1962.

L = 25ft (7.6m), W = 3000lb (1361Kg) R = 55miles (88.5Km)

Red Shoes

EEA Thunderbird I SAGW.

This was Stage 1 SAGW. Entered service with Army until 1966. Used pulsed radar. Replaced by Yellow Temple / Green Flax with CW radar.

L = 20.8ft (6.35m) S = 5.3ft (1.6m) Ø = 20.75in (52.7cm) R = 46miles (75Km)

Red Top

AAM used on UK fighters e.g. Lightning.

Used until English Electric Lightning retired in 1988. Firestreak Mk 4.

L = 11.5ft (3.5m), W = 330lb (150Kg) R = 6.6miles (10.7Km)

RG.10

De Havilland Air to Surface Missile

Intended to arm aircraft to OR.346. May be a Martel precursor.

L = 12ft (3.66m) W = 1000lb 454Kg, R = 10miles (16.7Km)

RO.166

Development designation of command guidance Bloodhound III. Red Duster Series 3B.

Not proceeded with.

L = 25.4ft (7.75m) S = 9.3ft (2.83m) Ø = 1.8ft (0.55m) W = 5000lb (2270Kg) R = 75miles (120Km)

Rover

Suggested as new name for Red Heathen.

Not proceeded with

N/A

S225X

Beyond Visual Range AAM.

BVRAAM rocket powered long range missile. S225XR is ramjet powered. Also called Meteor.

Ø = 7.9in (20cm) R = 54+miles (100+Km)

Sabre

Powered cluster bomb to AST.1227.

Based on Rapier airframe.

N/A

SAMP/T

Land based SAM system developed by MDBA using ASTER 30.

Vertical launch mobile SAM system

R = 62miles (100Km)

SAV

Service Acceptance Vehicle

Applied to the Red Duster SAGW involved in the Service Acceptance Trials.

N/A

SCADS

Shipborne Containerized Air-Defence System

Containerised Sea Wolf system. Intended for merchant ships and otherwise unarmed naval auxiliaries.

N/A

SCALP

B.Ae Matra stand-off weapon / cruise missile.

Also known as Storm Shadow. Selected for RAF CASOM.

L = 16.75ft (5.1m), S = 9.8ft (3m), W = 2866lb (1300Kg) R = 135+miles (250+Km)

Sea Cat

GWS-20 Shorts Ship borne SAM

Entered service. Various versions. See GWS-2n.

L = 4.8ft (1.48m) W = 143lb (65Kg) R = 4miles (6.5Km)

Sea Dart

GWS-30 Ship borne SAM. Single Odin ramjet.

M3.5 capability. Developed as CF.299. Entered service.

L = 14ft (5.25m) W = 1210lb (549Kg) R = 50miles (80Km)

Sea Eagle

Turbojet powered air launched Long range ASM.

Originally called P3T. Helicopter launched version has two solid rocket boosters.

L = 13.6ft (4.14m) W = 1323lb (600Kg) R = 59miles (110Km)

Sea Eagle SL

Surface launched Sea Eagle long range ASM.

Called P5T. Has two solid rocket boosters.

L = 13.6ft (4.14m) W = 1323lb (600Kg) R = 59miles (110Km)

Sea Flash

Ship launched Sky Flash AAM.

B.Ae study.

L = 12.1ft (3.68m), W = 425lb (193Kg) R = 31miles (50Km)

Sea Fox

Ship borne SAM firing salvoes of unguided rockets.

Not proceeded with.

N/A

Sea-Skimmer

Fairey anti-ship weapon.

Sea skimming missile with a Soar sustainer. Not proceeded with due to guidance problems.

N/A

Sea Skua

Heli-borne ASM.

CL.834 as fitted to Westland Lynx.

L = 9.35ft (2.85m) R = 36miles (58Km)

Sea Slug

GWS1. First operational Royal Navy SAM. Mk.2 was to have a nuclear warhead and better low level performance.

Formerly called Triumph. Used on County class destroyers. Originally with a NK.1 liquid fuelled sustainer, replaced with Foxhound solid sustainer.

L = 20ft (6.1m) W = 94lb (42.6Kg) R = 4.5miles (7.25Km)

Sea Wolf

GWS-25 Sea borne SAM.

Developed as PX.430. GWS-26 is the vertical launch version.

L = 6.25ft (1.9m) W = 180lb (82Kg) R = 4miles (6.4Km)

Shield

Surface launched SRAAM.

BAe Study. Land and naval versions studied.

N/A

Ship-Martel

Ship launched version of Martel.

Stretched Martel with rocket booster. Lost out to Exocet. Data applies to standard Martel.

L = 12.7ft (3.87m) W = 1213lb (550Kg) R = 37.2miles (60Km)

Sightline

Simplified PT.428

Led to Rapier SAM programme. Superseded by the official ET.316 designation.

L = 7.4ft (2.24m) W = 94lb (42.6Kg) R = 4.5miles (7.25Km)

SIGS

Small ship Integrated Guided weapon System.

Leading to the CF.299 Sea Dart SAM.

N/A

Sinner

Development study for GWS-26.

Vertical launch Seawolf.

L = 6.25ft (1.9m) W = 180lb (82Kg) R = 4miles (6.4Km)

Skewdog

Hawker Siddeley AAM.

Version of SRAAM 75 to be installed at a 45degree angle on the rear fuselage of an HS.1184 variant.

N/A

Sky Flash

UK modification of US AIM-7E Sparrow.

Originally developed as XJ.521. Uses Marconi inverse monopulse seeker. Called RB71 in Sweden.

L = 12.1ft (3.68m), W = 425lb (193Kg) R = 31miles (50Km)

Sky Flash 90

Upgrade of Sky Flash called RB71A in Sweden.

For SAAB JAS 39 Gripen.

L = 12.1ft (3.68m), W = 425lb (193Kg) R = 31miles (50Km)

SLAM

Vickers submarine based SAM using 6 Blowpipes in a retractable mount in the conning tower.

Fitted to HMS Aeneas. Possibly still used by Israel.

L = 4.6ft (1.4m) W = 24.5lb (11Kg) R = 2miles (3.2Km)

SLAM

Rolls-Royce cruise missile.

Supersonic Low Altitude Missile. Powered by an RB.153 turbojet. Intended for air launch from V-bombers.

N/A

Spaniel

First SAGW developed in the UK.

Developed at Projectile Development Establishment. Went on to form the basis of LOP/GAP.

N/A

SRAAM

Hawker Siddeley Dynamics Short-Range AAM.

Originally developed as Taildog. Evolved into ASRAM that evolved into ASRAAM. Entered service as ASRAAM.

L = 8.9ft (2.7m) Ø = 6.5in (16.5cm)

SRARM

Anti-radiation missile.

Design study based on SRAAM.

N/A

Starburst

Shorts shoulder launched SAM.

Replaced Blowpipe and Javelin. Entered service.

N/A

Starstreak

Shorts shoulder launched SAM.

Launches a trio of guided armour piercing darts at the target. Laser guided. Replaced Starburst. Entered service.

L = 4.6ft (1.4m) Ø = 5in (12.7cm) W = 35.3lb (16Kg) R = 3.8miles (7Km)

Stingray

Air launched torpedo.

Fitted to RN Lynx and RAF Nimrods.

N/A

Stooge

Early SAM for use against Kamikaze.

Fairey project with 4 x Swallow sustainer motors. Cancelled 1945.

L = 7.5ft (2.3m) W = 738lb (335Kg) R = 8miles (12.9Km)

Stormshadow

B.Ae Matra stand-off weapon / cruise missile.

Also known as SCALP. Selected for RAF CASOM.

L = 16.75ft (5.1m), S = 9.8ft (3m), W = 2866lb (1300Kg) R = 135+miles (250+Km)

Striker

Swingfire mounted on a Scorpion AFV.

Entered service.

L = 3.5ft (1.07m), W = 31lb (14Kg) R = 1.0miles (1.6Km)

Sub-Martel

Submarine launched Martel anti-ship missile.

Designated CL.137. Developed from USGW study, which was based on the Ondine studies. Sub-Harpoon acquired.

L = 12.7ft (3.87m) W = 1540lb (700Kg) R = 20miles (32Km)

Super Bloodhound

Original name for Blue Envoy, Stage 1 3/4.

Superseded by Bristol Bloodhound II.

N/A

SWAARM

Hunting Engineering anti-armour weapon to AST.1238.

Resembled small, unpowered cruise missile with pivoting wing on fuselage underside. Had IR sensor in nose - when target detected one of 16 MMW radar equipped submunitions dispensed to engage it. Late 1980's - AST eventually met by Brimstone missile.

Swingfire

Wire guided Anti-tank missile.

After Orange William was cancelled Fairey developed Swingfire. Work in conjunction with RARDE. Entered service.

L = 3.5ft (1.07m), W = 60lb (27Kg) R = 2.5miles (4.0Km)

SX-A5

Led to Seacat (q.v.).

Research SAM based on Malkara anti-tank missile.

N/A

Taildog

Short range air-to-air missile study to QC.434.

Used Thrust Vector Control. IR guided. Led to SRAAM and ASRAAM.

L = 10ft (3.04m) Ø = 6in (15cm)

Tarbrush

TV guided anti-tank missile

Not proceeded with due to imaging difficulties in 'fog of war'.

N/A

Thunderbird I

English Electric mobile SAM to Stage I for Army.

Thunderbird I in service 1959 - 63, 4 x Gosling boost and 1 x Smokey Joe sustainer rocket motor. See Red Shoes, Green Flax, Yellow Temple and VR.725.

L = 20.8ft (6.35m) S = 5.3ft (1.6m) Ø = 20.75in (52.7cm) R = 46miles (75Km)

Thunderbird II

English Electric mobile SAM to Stage 1/2 for Army.

Thunderbird II in service 1963-76. 4 x Gosling boost and 1 x Albatross sustainer rocket motor.

L = 20.8ft (6.35m) S = 5.3ft (1.6m) Ø = 20.75in (52.7cm) R = 46miles (75Km)

Thunderbird III

English Electric mobile SAM for Army.

Thunderbird II with improved sustainer motor.

L = 20.8ft (6.35m) S = 5.3ft (1.6m) Ø = 20.75in (52.7cm) R = 46miles (75Km)

Tigercat

Land version of Seacat.

Entered service. Mainly exported.

L = 4.8ft (1.48m) W = 143lb (65Kg) R = 4miles (6.5Km)

Tigerfish

Wire-guided torpedo.

Entered service with Royal Navy.

Tora

Air launched torpedo

Essentially a torpedo fitted with aerofoils.

N/A

TRIGAT

Tri-nation anti-tank missile

To replace TOW and HOT in French, German and UK service. Data refers to LR air-launched version.

L = 4.9ft (1.5m) S = 7.9in (20cm) Ø = 6in (15cm) W = 92.6lb (42Kg) R = 2.7miles (5Km)

Triumph

Naval SAGW.

Original name for Sea Slug study.

N/A

USGW

Underwater to Surface Guided Weapon. Submarine launched anti-ship missile

Based on work on Ondine. Became Sub-Martel.

N/A

V.891

Vigilant (q.v.)

Entered service.

L = 3.5ft (1.07m), W = 31lb (14Kg) R = 1.0miles (1.6Km)

Vigilant

V.891

Vickers Anti-tank missile. VIsually Guided Infantry Light ANti-Tank missile.

L = 3.5ft (1.07m), W = 31lb (14Kg) R = 1.0miles (1.6Km)

Violet Friend

ABM system project.

A proposal for a UK based ABM system using Blue Yeoman and FPS-16 radars. Used Stage 1½ SAGW. Later proposal had two interceptor vehicles: one for launch before decoys identified (Phase 2) and capable of side step. The other for launch after decoy discrimination (Phase 3). This would need a trainable launcher. Cancelled 1960.

N/A

VJ.291

Hunting Engineering guided anti-armour cluster bomb to AST.1227. Targeting info provided from aircraft navigation system allowing stand-off attacks on targets offset from aircraft track.

Had folding cruciform wings at rear & nose mounted cruciform canards. Carried dual-purpose submunitions dispensed centrifugally - each had a sensor that detonated it on impact with a vehicle. If submunition landed on the ground it functioned as a 'minelet'. Cancelled in 1981.

VL Sea Wolf

GWS-26 vertical launch Sea Wolf.

Updated version of Sea Wolf SAM based on Sinner studies.

L = 6.25ft (1.9m) W = 180lb (82Kg) R = 4miles (6.4Km)

VR.725

Later designation for English Electric Yellow Temple / Green Flax Stage 1½ SAGW.

Provided improved capability when used with Green Ginger. Became English Electric Thunderbird II.

L = 20.8ft (6.35m) S = 5.3ft (1.6m) Ø = 20.75in (52.7cm) R = 46miles (75Km)

W.100

Designation of Avro Blue Steel

Powered by a single Stentor liquid fuelled rocket

L = 34.9ft (10.6m) W = 15000lb (6800Kg) R = 200miles (322Km)

W.107

Designation of Avro Blue Steel replacement study

Powered by a single DH Gyron Junior turbojet

N/A

W.109

Designation of Avro Blue Steel replacement study

Powered by a single liquid fuelled rocket

N/A

W.112

Blue Steel Mk2.

Powered by four BS ramjets. Cancelled.

N/A

W.140

Designation of Avro ASM to replace Skybolt

Powered by a single RB.153 turbojet

N/A

WE.565

Development study into AAM configurations.

Leading to Taildog / ASRAAM.

N/A

WE.566

Development study into AAM guidance methods.

Possibly part of Taildog / ASRAAM development.

N/A

X-12

Bristol long range stand-off bomb to OR.1182.

BS.1004 Ramjet powered M4 cruise missile with a range of 1150nm at 70-76Kft. Later version with the BS.1005. qv Pandora.

N/A

XJ.521

Development designation of Sky Flash.

Entered service.

L = 12.1ft (3.68m), W = 425lb (193Kg) R = 31miles (50Km)

XPX.430

Bigger PX.430 Naval SAM.

Longer range and bigger warhead.

N/A

XRD.1

eXperimental Red Duster.

Development rounds for Red Duster programme. Not successful. Replaced XTV.5 and was succeeded by XRD.2

N/A

XRD.2

eXperimental Red Duster.

Development rounds for Red Duster / Bloodhound programmes. Used for service acceptance trials.

N/A

Yellow Feather

Homing system for Radar and IR missiles.

N/A

N/A

Yellow Sand

Anti-ship missile.

Described as a homing bomb. Related to Green Cheese, possibly a precursor.

N/A

Yellow Temple

English Electric Stage 1½ guided weapon.

Originally called Green Flax then Yellow Temple then VR.725. Became English Electric Thunderbird II. Red Shoes with CW radar. In service 1966 to 1976.

L = 20.8ft (6.35m) S = 5.3ft (1.6m) Ø = 20.75in (52.7cm) R = 46miles (75Km)

Yodel

Surface to Surface anti-ship missile.

Possibly with Red Angel warhead.

N/A

Zeta

Anti-submarine missile or homing torpedo.

Air launched.

N/A

Zonal

Ship launched sea-skimming anti-ship missile / torpedo.

Winged missile flew at 500kts (960Km/Hr) at low level. Entered water about 5000yds from ship, wings folded and travelled at 60Kts (111Km/Hr).

N/A

Zoster

Air launched homing torpedo.

Launched at about 4 miles.

N/A